Different Types of Novel Types of Fiction

Different Types of Novel Types of Fiction

A fictional attempt to give the effect of realism. This sort of novel is sometimes called a novel of manner. A realistic novel can be characterized by its complex characters with mixed  motives that are rooted in social class and operate according to highly developed social structure. Thecharacters in realistic novelinteract with other characters and undergo plausible and everyday experiences.

Thirteen Reasons Whyby Jay Asher,Looking for Alaskaby John Green.

A picaresque novel  relates the adventures of an eccentric or disreputable hero in episodic form. The genre gets its name from the Spanish wordpicaro, or rogue.

Rudyard KiplingsKim(1901), Henry FieldingsThe History of Tom Jones, a Foundling(1749),

A Historical novel is a novel set in a period earlier than that of the writing.

ThackeraysVanity Fair, Charles DickenssA Tale of Two Cities, George EliotsRomolaand Charles KingsleysWestward Ho!

Epistolary fiction is a popular genre where the narrative is told via a series of documents. The word epistolary comes from Latin where epistola means a letter. Letters are the most common basis for epistolary novels but diary entries are also popular

Samuel RichardsonsPamelaandClarissa, Bram StokersDracula, Alice WalkersThe Color Purpleand Bridget Jones Diary.

German terms that indicates a growth. This fictional autobiography concerned with the development of the protagonists mind, spirit, and characters from childhood to adulthood.

Jane Eyreby Charlotte Bronte,David CopperfieldbyCharles Dickens,The Magic Mountainby Thomas Mann etc.

Gothic novelincludes terror, mystery, horror, thriller, supernatural, doom, death, decay, old haunted buildings with ghosts and so on.

Mary ShelleysFrankenstein, John William PolidorisThe Vampyre, Bram StokersDracula,The Castle of Otrantoby Horace Walpole,

Anautobiographical novelis a novel based on the life of the author.

Charles DickensDavid Coppefield,Great Expectations, D. H. LawrencesSons and Lovers,Sylvia PlathsThe Bell Jar, Ralph Ellison sInvisible Man, Maya Angelou sI Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, Virginia WolfesThe Light Houseetc.

Satire is loosely defined as art that ridicules a specific topic in order to provoke readers into changing their opinion of it. By attacking what they see as human folly, satirists usually imply their own opinions on how the thing being attacked can be improved.

George OrwellsAnimal Farm,Jonathan SwiftsGullivers Travel,Joseph HellersCatch 22, Mark TwinsThe Adventure of Huckleberry Finn,

An allegory is a story with two levels of meaning- surface meaning and symbolic meaning. The symbolic meaning of anallegory can be politicalor religious, historical or philosophical.

John BunyansPilgrims Progress, William GoldingsTheLord of the Flies, Edmund SpensersThe Faerie Queeneetc.

A religious novel is a novel that is set against the background of a particular area.

Examples: Novels ofCharles DickensGeorge Eliot etc.

A novella is a short, narrative, prose fiction. As a literary genre, the novellas origin lay in the early Renaissance literary work of the Italians and the French. As the etymology suggests, novellas originally were news of town and country life worth repeating for amusement and edification.

Examples: Joseph ConradsHeart of Darkness,

Detective fictionis a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detectiveeither professional or amateurinvestigates a crime, often murder.

Sir Arthur Conan DoyleA Study in Scarlet( Sherlock Holmes), Satyajit RoysSonar Kella(Feluda), G. K. ChestertonsThe Blue Cross(Father Brown), Dr. Nihar Ranjan GuptasKalo Bhramar(Kiriti)

These sort of novelists attempted to explore the intellectual responses of the intelligentia to the world. Characteristically, their novel displays the clash of ideas and intellectual verification of knowledge., value and response, a diminishing faith on the cosmic significance of existence,  argument and counter argument in discussion, separation of concept of love and sex, conversation without communication, and a dehumanizingeffect of disillusionment in the 20thcentury.

Graham GreenesThe Power and the Glory,The Heart of the Matter, Elizabeth BowensThe Hotel,The House inParis.

Psychological novels are works of fiction that treat the internal life of the protagonist (or several or all characters) as much as (if not more than) the external forces that make up the plot. The phrase Stream of Consciousness was coined by William James in his Principles of Psychology (1890), to describe the flow of thought of the waking mind.

Virginia WolfesTothe Lighthouse,Mrs. Dolloway, James JoycesUlysses, D. H. LawrencesSons and Lovers,The Rainbow.

The genre focussed on possible development of societies, very often dominated by totalitarian governments. This type of novels must have social and political message. The term generally refers to fiction in Europe and the Soviet Union reacting to Communist rule.

George OrwellsNineteen Eighty-Four (1984), HuxleysBrave New Worldetc.

This is a novel that is often set in the historical past with a plot that emphasizes adventure and an atmosphere removed from reality. The characters in a prose romance are either sharply drawn as villains or heroes, masters or victims; while the protagonist is isolated from the society.

The Story of the Pillowby Shen Jiji, andThe Governor of the Southern Tributary Stateby LiGongzuo.

In a novel of incident the narrative focuses on what the protagonist will do next and how the story will turn out.

Examples:The Wizard of Oz,Star Warsetc.

A novel of character focuses on the protagonists motives for what he/she does and how he/she turns out.

French term for a novel with a key, imaginary events with real people disguised as fictional characters.

The Bell Jarby Sylvia Plath, Animal Farmby George Orwell,On the Roadby Jack Kerouac etc.

Dime novels were short works of fiction, usually focused on the dramatic exploits of a single heroic character. As evidenced by their name, dime novels were sold for a dime (sometimes a nickel), and featured colourful cover illustrations. They were bound in paper, making them light, portable, and somewhat ephemeral.

Example:Dime novels are, at least in spirit, the antecedent of todays mass market paperbacks, comic books, and even television shows and movies based on the dime novel genres. Buffalo Ball.

Hypertext fictionis a genre of electronic literature, characterized by the use of hypertext links which provide a new context for non-linearity in literature and reader interaction. The reader typically chooses links to move from one node of text to the next, and in this fashion arranges a story from a deeper pool of potential stories. Its spirit can also be seen in interactive fiction.

James JoycesUlysses(1922), Mark Z. DanielewskisHouse of Leaves(2000), Enrique Jardiel PoncelasLa Tourne de Dios(1932), Jorge Luis BorgesThe Garden of Forking Paths(1941), Vladimir NabokovsPale Fire(1962) and Julio CortzarsRayuela(1963; translated asHopscotch) etc.

Thesentimental novelor thenovelof sensibility is an 18th-century literary genre which celebrates the emotional and intellectual concepts ofsentiment, sentimentalism, and sensibility.

Samuel RichardsonsPamela, orVirtue Rewarded(1740), OliverGoldsmiths Vicar of Wakefield(1766), Laurence SternesTristram Shandy(175967),Sentimental Journey(1768), Henry BrookesThe Fool of Quality(176570), Henry MackenziesThe Man of Feeling(1771). Continentalexample is  Jean-Jacques Rousseaus novelJulie.

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A utopia is a community or society possessing highly desirable or perfect qualities. It is a common literary theme, especially in speculative fiction andscience fiction.

Utopiaby Thomas Moore,Laws(360 BC) by Plato,New Atlantis(1627) by Sir Francis Bacon,Robinson Crusoe(1719) by Daniel Defoe,Gullivers Travels(1726) by Jonathan Swift.

Graphic novelsare, simply defined, book-length comics. Sometimes they tell a single, continuous narrative from first page to last; sometimes they are collections of shorter stories or individual comic strips. Comics are sequential visual art, usually with text, that are often told in a series of rectangular panels. Despite the name, not all comics are funny. Many comics and graphic novels emphasize drama, adventure, character development, striking visuals, politics, or romance over laugh-out-loudcomedy.

Frank MillersBatman: The Dark Knight Returns,The Fantastic FourandX-Menetc.

Science fictionis a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative concepts such as futuristic settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, time travel, faster than light travel, parallel universes and extraterrestrial life. Science fiction often explores the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations.

Examples:The War of the Worldsby H.G. Wells,The Time Machine.

Cult novels often come from the fringes, they often represent counter-cultural perspectives, they often experiment with form.

Examples:Speedboatby Renata Adler,Sddharthaby Herman Hesse,

Term originated from the magazines of the first half of the 20th century which were printed on cheap pulp paper and published fantastic, escapist fiction for the general entertainment of the mass audiences. The pulp fiction era provided a breeding ground for creative talent which would influence all forms of entertainment for decades to come. The hardboiled detective and science fiction genres were created by the freedom that the pulp fiction magazines provided.

Examples:The Spider,Doc Savage,Blood N Thunderetc.

Erotic romance novels have romance as the main focus of the plot line, and they are characterized by strong, often explicit, sexual content. The books can contain elements of any of the other romance subgenres, such as paranormal elements, chick lit, hen lit,historical fiction, etc. Erotic romance is classed as pornography .

His To Possessby Opal Carew,On Dublin Streetby Samantha Young.

Anovel sequenceis a set or series of novels which share common themes, characters, or settings, but where each novel has its own title and free-standing storyline, and can thus be read independently or out of sequence.

Honor de BalzacsComdie humaineand mile ZolasRougon-Macquart,

Anantinovelis any experimental work of fiction that avoids the familiar conventions of the novel, and instead establishes its own conventions.

Examples:  Laurence SternesTristram Shandy.

Theinteractive novelis a form of interactive web fiction. In an interactive novel, the reader chooses where to go next in the novel by clicking on a piece of hyperlinked text, such as a page number, a character, or a direction.

Examples: J. K. RowlingsHarry PotterSeries.

Stories involving paranormal magic and terrible monsters have existed in spoken forms before the advent of printed literature.

Examples: J. R. R. TolkiensThe Hobbit, C. S. LewisThe Chronicles of Narnia.

Adventure fictionis a genre of fiction in which an adventure, an exciting undertaking involving risk and physical danger, forms the main storyline.

Examples:  Daniel DefoesRobinson Crusoe.

Childrens novels are narrative fiction books written for children, distinct from collections of stories and picture books.

Examples:The Christmas Mystery,Charlottes Webby E.B. White,James and the Giant Peachby Roald Dahl.

A dystopia is an unpleasant (typically repressive) society, often propagandized as being utopian.

Examples:Fahrenheit 451by Ray Bradbury,The Giverby Lois Lowry etc.

Themysterygenre is a type of fiction in which adetective, or other professional, solves a crime or series of crimes. It can take the form of anovelorshort story. This genre may also be calleddetectiveor crimenovels.

Examples: Dan BrownsThe Da Vinci Code.

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14 thoughts on Different Types of Novel Types of Fiction

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Your post was really nice. Some ideas can be made. About English literature. Further, you can access this site to learn more.

hello! could you please cite the source from which you got these?

This article was written through extensive study of different authentic Books and Journals on English Literature.

Alot of the definitions are taken from the book A Glossary of Literary terms-Eleventh Edition. by M.H. Abrams and Geoffrey Galt Harpham

Amazing material. Thank you so much. Just what I was looking for.

Im not certain what kind of novel this is:

A woman has a particular ability when she eats a certain thing to commune with the dead. Each chapter tells part of her story, and introduces a short story, telling the life and death of the dead person she sees. The stories are not related to one another. The protagonist is the glue that connects them, and her own story is woven through each chapter, most beginning at the first part of each chapter, introducing each dead persons story. Im not even certain of the genre. Supernatural, I suppose, but I dont even know if on its own if supernatural is even a genre. This book is not just a collection of short stories. Its like stories within a story.

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