There is no end to the surrealism, the beauty, the variety found in Japanese literature.
Japanese authors and stories expose the human heart; they travel through time and place and dreams. And the best of these tales can be found in Japanese short story collections.
Many of the best Japanese authors, known for their award-winning novels, have also penned some truly moving short story collections that are very much worth your time.
From the short comics of Junji Ito to the twisted tales of Yoko Ogawa, these are the best Japanese short story collections you can read right now. Stories of cities, people, ghosts, and stranger things besides.
Translated by Ian McCullough MacDonald and Ginny Tapley Takemori
Kyoko Nakajima is an author celebrated in Japan and beyond for her Naoki Prize-winning novelThe Little House. She is also author of the to-be-treasured Japanese short story collectionThings Remembered and Things Forgotten.
This is a collection of ten tales, all of which sensitively and deftly explore the relationship between time, history, place, and people. Moving across the spectrum of 20th Century Japanese history, these stories have a way of going straight for your heart.
In the titular story, a retired man and his wife visit the mans older brother in a home. The older brother has succumbed to dementia and the younger brother relates to his wife tales of their youth during the American occupation of Japan post-World War II.
Another story begins with a woman admiring a selection of sewing machines at an antique store, before settling on one which the owner declares doesnt have a heart.
From here, we get the sewing machines life story, which shows snapshots of the lives of the people who have used and owned it over the decades.
The stories charm, soothe, serenade. They are calming, beautiful, warm tales of love and family and history.
This is an essential Japanese short story collection that should be read by fans of Japanese literature and the short story medium alike.
Translated by Polly Barton, Sam Bett, David Boyd, Daniel Joseph, Aiko Masubuchi, and Helen OHoran
Izumi Suzuki was a very special writer and person. Her colourful career included acting, modelling, and writing.This collection,Terminal Boredomincludes a selection of speculative science fiction stories written by Suzuki later in her life.
While she was celebrated as a feminist in all aspects of her career, she really made her name as a writer, and these stories vividly show why that is. These are the best kinds ofscience fiction stories; ones which take real-world concerns and twist them into nightmare scenarios.
The opening story, for example, imagines a world in which women existed before men. Then, when men came about, they instilled the patriarchal system we all live in today, before then beginning to die out.
Many of these stories consider the effects of pollution and overpopulation. They centre on ordinary people living through strange scenarios like, for example, a government mandated cryogenic freezing of normal members of society in order to tackle the population crisis.
These are radical, punk sci-fi tales by one of the best authors of the Japanese short story format. Izumi Suzuki was a true gift to the art of Japanese short story writing.
There is no Japanese author quite like Yoko Ogawa, and her short story collectionRevengeis perfect evidence of that. These are eleven subtly interconnected tales that share specific and twisted themes, as the title implies.
These stories place ordinary people in extraordinary situations, always dark and chilling. They are nothorror short stories, per se, but they are certainly dripping with dread.
Take the storySewing for the Heart, in which a bag maker receives an unusual order from a young woman who requires a bag be made to carry her own heart. OrAfternoon in the Bakery: the tale of a woman who, every year, buys a cake for her son who died twelve years ago.
Every Japanese short story in this collection, likeall of Ogawas books, excel at taking ordinary, human characters and stretching them by filling the world around them with odd, unexpected, sometimes nauseating things.
The author so nice shes listed twice. And Yoko Ogawa really is that special. She is arguably this writers favourite Japanese author, and her collectionThe Diving Poolis a big reason for that.
While not strictly a Japanese short story collection,The Diving Poolis actually a book of three novellas, each around 50 pages in length. The titular story,The Diving Pool, is a quietly twisted tale of lust and suppressed emotion.
The protagonist of this story is a teenage girl whose Christian parents run an orphanage, and she has grown up with a foster brother from this orphanage. As she has developed, however, she has harbored an increasingly intense obsession with him.
As the title implies, she enjoys sneaking into the school pool and watching him dive, admiring his shape and form.
The second story,Pregnancy Diary, details the feelings and experiences of a young woman as she watches her sister (and sisters husband) go through a pregnancy. Its unnerving and discomfiting at times, as all three tales in this Japanese story story collection are.
Known asThe Lonesome Bodybuilderin some places andPicnic in the Stormin others, this is a Japanese short story collection full of surrealism and feminist gusto.
In the titularThe Lonesome Bodybuilderin which a woman, ignored by her lethargic husband, quickly develops an obsession with bodybuilding.
She attends the gym ritualistically until she becomes a Goliath figure, and all the while her husband fails to notice her transformation.
The metaphors at play here, and in the other tales, ranging from the obvious to the subtle, and all end in hilarity and often outright strangeness.
Our protagonists dramatic body change, and her husbands clueless nature, will undeniably speak to those woman and men who have had a haircut or worn a new jacket and received no comment from their spouse.
But dig deeper and you see a woman so desperately sick of the expectations of society that she stretches out her body, choosing to take up more physical space rather than less as is too often expected of women.
Another excellent story isI Called You by Name: the small story of a woman chairing a meeting in her office but growing increasingly distracted by this bulge in the curtain, perhaps betraying someone hidden behind it.
As the story builds, the bulge shifts and shrinks as our protagonist admits to herself that the bulge is in her mind a representation, I believe, of the things in life she urges for: a husband and a child.
These, however, are things she has been forced to ignore in order to be taken seriously professionally. This is a very real sacrifice that women around the world are led to feel that they must make.
Hiromi Kawakami is a big name in Japanese literature. Her novelStrange Weather in Tokyowas the first Japanese book in translation that this writer ever read, and it has remained a firm favourite for many years.
People From My Neighbourhoodsees Kawakami flexing her surrealist and comedic muscles to wonderful effect. This is a tiny collection of even tinier tales that splendidly captures the eccentricities of ordinary people.
The titular neighbourhood of this book is nestled in an uncanny valley where anything can happen. Across roughly 120 pages, we are offered 36 short and amusing stories of around 2-5 pages apiece, each one ranging from slightly strange to excitedly deranged.
The subtle strangeness of this neighbourhood is hugely reminiscent of Royston Vasey inThe League of Gentlemen: a place full of usual people who behave unusually or are subject to unusual circumstances, be they quietly supernatural, antisocial, or plainly bizarre.
A wonderfully quiet example is The Hachiro Lottery, in which a boy named Hachiro, who is the fifteenth child of a local family, is passed around from household to household because his family cannot afford to keep and feed him. Its one story among many which teeter between unusual and unsettling.
Compare The Hachiro Lottery, which is only quietly odd, to Grandpa Shadows, the short story of a man with two shadows, one far more sinister than the other. The sinister shadow has a habit of attaching itself to another person for days at a time as a kind of curse.
Aoko MatsudasWhere the Wild Ladies Areoffers sixteen incredibly human stories about the lives of modern-day Japanese women and men.
There is, quite simply, so much fun to be had with this Japanese short story collection. Many of the stories here provide us with an angle: that of a young woman or man in a strange or difficult situation.
From there it introduces a ghostly presence or a transformative power to befriend, overcome, or embrace.
These are thrilling short stories of ghosts and monsters in the everyday. Theyre sometimes strange and jarring, especially given the juxtaposition of ape-like monsters and castle-haunting ghosts with modern suit-and-tie culture, but that is simply part of the fun that is to be gleaned from these tales.
Where the Wild Ladies Arenever forgets how wonderfully weird the tales of yokai are, and it uses them to offer us a stream of witty, biting, eccentric, and dark tales of feminism in modern Japan.
Translated by Anthony Chambers and Paul McCarthy
Longing and Other Storiesis a new collection of three Junichiro Tanizaki short stories:Longing, Sorrows of a Heretic, andThe Story of an Unhappy Mother.
Tanizaki was one of 20th Century Japans most beloved and influential authors, having penned works likeThe Makioka Sisters,A Cat, A Man, & Two Women, andSome Prefer Nettles. Now, we have three short stories/novellas that explore the unifying theme of family specifically, a young mans relationship to his mother.
Each of the three tales in this Japanese short story collection is written in a different literary style. One is a dream sequence; another is a grounded piece of biographical auto-fiction; and the third is something in-between, defined by its off-centre narration.
The different styles beautifully almost romantically demonstrate Tanizakis love for literature and the written word. He is exploring different methods of narration, plotting, and structure, all while presenting us with one core theme in all three stories.
That theme is, as I said, a mans relationship to his mother. InLonging, our narrator dreams of his life as a boy, wandering an unfamiliar rural street at night and searching for his mother.
Sorrows of a Hereticis supposedly Tanizakis most autobiographical work. Its protagonist is an immature young student in his mid-twenties, living at home, frustrated by life, racked by guilt, and engaging in frequent arguments with his younger sister, who happens to be dying of tuberculosis.
The final tale,The Story of an Unhappy Mother, involved two brothers: one is our narrator, but the other is our protagonist. The protagonist is newly married, and the story explores that mans strained relationship with his mother before and after his marriage.
This is a beautiful and immaculate Japanese short story collection from one of Japans greatest writers.
Haruki Murakami,Japans most successful literary export, is well-known for writing elaborate and lengthy novels tinged with surrealism and recurring tropes. Its very refreshing, here, to see him flex a few different muscles and write some engaging short stories instead.
Men Without Womenmakes its theme clear from its title: this is a Japanese short story collection that explores the relationship between men and women in the modern world.
Lonely men populate these seven stories, as do his usual cats, Beatles, and jazz bars. But the lost, broken, and vulnerable men of these stories show a very exposed side ofMurakami and his writing. Not every story packs a punch but the ones that do are fantastically memorable.
WhileShivermay be filled with comics rather than prose, it is still a Japanese short story collection through and through. This is also the finest sample ofJunji Ito storiesyou can find. If youve had a morbid interest in Itos are and stories for a while,Shiveris where you should start.
The stories in this collection are all unique and separate from one another; they show off the depth and breadth of Itos artistic and narrative talents to an astonishing degree.
The best of these tales is, perhaps,Hanging Balloons. This short story imagines a world invaded by enormous balloons, each one with the face of a real person. Your balloon stalks you, a noose hanging from its bottom, and if it catches you, it hangs you.
Another story,The Long Dream, shows us a man in a hospital bed who lives entire lives every time he dreams. When he wakes, his body has aged as well, eventually turning him into an impossibly ancient, horrifyingly morphed thing.
These really are the best of Junji Ito, andShiveris one of the finest Japanese short story collections you can read.
Born in Greece, raised in Ireland and the US, Lafcadio Hearn was already middle-aged when he arrived in Japan. Once there, however, he married and put his journalism background to good use transcribing classic Japanese horror stories and folktales into English.
While these short ghost stories are not written by a Japanese author, they are allJapanese ghost storiesin origin; Hearn simply made them accessible to English-language readers.
Japan has a deep history of folkloric terror. The ghosts and yokai ofJapanese folkloreare famed and beloved the world over, and much of that fame can be attributed to Hearn and this Japanese short story collection:In Ghostly Japan.
Ellery Queen was both the pseudonym and main character of American mystery writers Frederic Dannay and Manfred Bennington Lee. And here, the two have compiled and edited together their favourite Japanese mystery stories.
In here, youll find twelve Japanese mystery stories written by a host of award-winning crime writers, all loved and selected by the excellent Ellery Queen.
These are true classic mystery tales: locked rooms, impossible crimes, breadcrumb trails of clues. 20th Century Japan has a legacy of outstanding crime writing, and here are some of the best Japanese short story writers of that era.
Edited by Jim Hinks, Masashi Matsuie & Michael Emmerich
Comma Press is an indie publisher that puts out consistently fantastic collections of literature in translation, from theirRefugee Talesseries to their Reading the City collections.
One of those city collections isThe Book of Tokyo, a perfect introduction to the world of Japanese short story writing.
This collection features stories by some of the best authors of Japanese literature: Hiromi Kawakami, Banana Yoshimoto, Nao-Cola Yamazaki, and many more.
These stories were also translated by a star-studded cast of translators: Samuel Malissa, Lydia Moed, Hart Larrabee, Takami Nieda, Jonathan Lloyd-Davies,Morgan Giles, Dan Bradley, Asa Yoneda, Lucy Fraser, Ginny Tapley Takemori.
As the name suggests, these are all stories set inTokyothat expose the citys beating heart: the ways in which it glows and enriches, and how it frightens and oppresses. The worlds largest city is a multifaceted place, and we see it from every angle in this collection.
This beefy Japanese short story collection, edited bycelebrated translatorJay Rubin (and with an introduction from Haruki Murakami), is a wonderful snapshot of Japans literary excellence.
Many of the authors featured in this collection represent the pinnacle of Japanese fiction: Yasunari Kawabata, Yuko Tsushima,Banana Yoshimoto, Ryunosuke Akutagawa. All of 20th Century Japans most celebrated writers in one short story collection!
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